Agreement On Internal Trade Pdf

The success of trade agreements depends on timely and effective implementation, with appropriate sanctions, in order to promote compliance with the legislation. Since the signing of the AIT, some changes have led to a streamlining of the dispute settlement procedure, the creation of appeal and compliance panels, the introduction of fines of up to CAD 5 million (amounts being proportional to the population of each party) for non-compliance with the decisions of dispute settlement bodies and improved access to dispute settlement for private parties. Despite these changes, some challenges remain. Dispute resolution remains lengthy and averages 41 months for disputes that have gone to a panel (about a quarter of all disputes) (Pavlovic et al., 2015). Limited sanctions can reduce compliance with the rules and the findings of the dispute settlement body. In addition, private parties must first request that the competent government move their case forward and can only act alone if the application is rejected and is subject to a screening procedure. . . .

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